Physical activity - any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that requires energy expenditure. Physical activity is an integral and necessary part of a healthy lifestyle, having a beneficial impact on the child, that later transmits into healthy adulthood. The benefits of the physical activity have been repeatedly confirmed by the numerous scientific studies. Physical inactivity is widely recognized as one of the main risk factors for the chronic non-infectious diseases. Physical activity may take different shapes in person’s life areas: leisure time, occupational activities (counted as school work for children) , housekeeping, mobility (transport) and sports.
Regular physical activity has a directly link to safer, healthier and longer life. A positive impact on children's physical activity or adult health can be divided into three areas:
1. The physical effect - reduces heart disease, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, osteoporosis and others health risks.
2. The emotional impact - reduces negative emotions, improve mood and sleep, relieves depression and anxiety manifestations, increases self-esteem and a positive effect on self-perception, as well as communication with other people, mutual understanding, and so on.
3. Financial impact – helps to avoid the costs associated with physical inactivity caused by long-term health problems.
Physical activity should not be unpleasant or suffering. It should be nice, individually selected habit, without which life feels incomplete. Physical activity improves the endurance, strength and appearance, helps to spend free time with family and friends in a healthy manner.
Physical activity recommendations:
- Children and adolescent from 5 to 17 years should be physically active for at least 60 minutes every day. Physical activity should be of moderate intensity. The activity that strengthens bones and muscles should be included at least three times a week.
- People between18 to 64 years, should engage in moderate-intensity physical activity for at least 150 min a week, or engage in high-intensity physical activity for 75 minutes every week. Exercises that strengthen muscles should be performed at least 2 times a week.
- 64 and older people should engage in moderate-intensity physical activity for at least 150 min a week or high-intensity physical activity for 75 minutes every week. Exercises that strengthen muscles should be performed at least 2 times a week. It is recommended to perform exercises that improve balance for 3 or more days a week in order to prevent falls or other injuries. People with health problems that are unable to be physically active according to the recommendations, should engage in physical activity as much as possible according to their specific health condition.
Klaipeda’s Public Health Office publish a monthly calendar of free activities “a healthy soul in a healthy body”, where you can find various types of physical activities for different age groups.